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Discover your Motivational Gifts
and Become Empowered for Ministry 
updated November 27, 2005; March 14, 2005; February 6, 2008, March 23, 2008

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TEMPERAMENT AND TEMPERAMENT MASK DESCRIPTIONS
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 Pastoral   | Evangelistic  | PropheticDidactic    | Apostolic
      Supine   |   Sanguine    |  Choleric  | Melancholy | Phlegmatic

He is like a man who observes his natural face in a mirror;
for he observes himself and goes away
and at once forgets what he was like.
--- Ya'akov (James)

And to some [assemblies], his "gift" was
that they should be apostles; to some prophets;
to some, evangelists; to some, pastors and
didactors;
to knit Yahweh's set-apart people together for the work of service:
to build up the Body of Messiah, until we all reach unity
in faith and knowledge of the Son of Elohim
and form [again] the complete Adam,
fully mature with the fullness of Messiah himself.
--- Saulus (Paul)


These Temperament Mask Descriptions are based on 
Creation Therapy: A Biblically-based Model for Christian Counseling
Richard Gene Arno, Ph.D.  & Phyllis Jean Arno, Ph. D.

PLEASE NOTE THESE DEFINITIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE GOING ON

Temperament: The manner of thinking, behaving, or reacting characteristic of a specific persPersonality Plus at GLOWsisteron.

Temperament Mask: What one believes one's own temperament to be: the mask one wears: correct or incorrect (especially in situations of social interaction). Therefore, the mask may or may not be the person's actual temperament.

In a Social Setting: Whether we relate better to tasks or to people and the impulsiveness of the behavior.  We add to this definition, dependent upon the degree of the individualOpenness and Directness as determined by a Temperamental Mask Inventory.  

We especially thank Ms. Martinez of Living as Conquerors for helping us refine this page.

Pastoral  |  Evangelistic  |  Prophetic  |  Didactic  |  Apostolic

Pastoral IN a Social Setting (That is, in the presence of others.)
Direct  (-3..-9)   Open  (3..9)

Supine in InclusionThe Pastoral in a Social Setting is relationship oriented and needs to relate to other people. They indicate temperament needs for social interaction, surface relationships and intellectual energies.  The Pastoral in a Social Setting is both introverted and extroverted. This means they express themselves as an introvert and respond as an extrovert. Because this person is quiet and usually found in the background in a social situation, they appear to be distant and respond only when approached by others. They will not send messages that they want to be accepted nor do they assert themselves. They want others to instinctively know their need to socialize.  They are often lonely, and sometimes frustrated in their loneliness.

The Pastoral does not relate to tasks as well as they do to people. When at social activities, one could seldom tell from outward signs that they desire to be included. If those around the Pastoral do not interact with them with sensitivity, the Pastoral may retreat to social isolation.

The Pastoral Temperament can undertake numerous tasks, especially if these tasks are performed for the development of friendships. A person with this type of temperament can be extremely accommodating to other people, even at their own expense. The need to serve others and make them happy sometimes leads to their becoming natural born victims. It is important to understand that the Pastoral in a Social Setting wants and needs social acceptance very much. However, they often possess low self-esteem, sometimes assuming they are neither wanted nor needed. They are often dependent on others to recognize their needs and break down barriers by personally inviting them with an insistence that we need you.  If the request is viewed as genuine, then they will participate like a Evangelistic.

When others do not read their mind and provide them with the genuine invitation needed, the Pastoral in a Social Setting may become angry of very self-contained.  They do not view themselves as angry but regard their anger as just being hurt.  A Pastoral in a Social Setting seldom admits they are angry. However, they will tell you that their feelings have been hurt. This anger is normally manifested by withdrawal as a means of protecting themselves from further rejection and hurt.

Pastoral in a Social Setting Strengths: The Pastoral strengths include a great capacity for service, liking people, and the desire to serve others. They possess an inborn gentle spirit.  They can be extremely faithful and loyal.

Pastoral in a Social Setting Weaknesses: The Pastoral expects others to read their mind, have high fears of rejection, and harbor anger hurt feelings.  


Evangelistic IN a Social Setting (That is, in the presence of others.)
Direct  (3..9)   Open  (3..9)

Sanguine in Inclusion (Please NoteThis is an extended description of the Evangelistic in a Social Setting because a high percentage of the inventories we receive are from those with this mask.  Evangelistic mask MAY indicate Evangelistic temperament.  A more thorough treatment of the subject has been recommended because pure Evangelistics are the most likely of the Temperaments to act out, act up, become co-dependant or dependant.  The Evangelistic is also THE SURVIVOR.  They always get through hardship with the least bruising.  The recover very quickly.  They can make lemonade when presented with a lemon.  Please consider this note as you read through the following lengthy and sometimes disturbing description. -ed.

It is  The Evangelistic in a Social Setting indicates the temperament needs for social interaction, surface relationships and intellectual energies.  The Evangelistic in a Social Setting is a social person who likes to be with people. They are the type of people who have their shoes parked at the door and are ready to go in a minute. They approach a great many people for surface relationships and associations.

Evangelistics in a Social Setting are the easiest to identify when in a group. They are the center of attention, talk the loudest, tell the funniest jokes, and wear the brightest colors.  They bring life and energy into a room by their very presence. Their cheerfulness and humor brighten everyone's life. The Evangelistic in a Social Setting is rarely found alone and, if they must be alone, they are talking on the phone, reading a book or watching a TV show about people anything that will give them the feeling that people are around, that they are involved in other peoples lives. If they are not able to be with people, they feel stressed.

When you need someone to inspire and affect people with their enthusiasm, you need to find a Evangelistic. When you are moved to your knees by an evangelist, you are most likely watching a Evangelistic. Most of the popular evangelists on TV are Evangelistics. Once their charisma and personality comes into full swing, they can be very inspirational. When you are lonely, Evangelistics are good to be with. 

The Evangelistic is an optimist who believes life is an exciting, fun-filled experience that should be lived to the fullest. Inactivity causes them stress because the pace they need is fast and furious. Most other temperaments get tired just watching them. The need for money is typical to the Evangelistic. It is not the money itself that they need but what the money represents - fun and fellowship.  

The Evangelistic is the most impulsive of all the temperaments. They act and talk before they think. This is especially true when it comes to money. They will spend money without worrying where it comes from or for what it might be needed in the future. 

Evangelistics are excels communication-oriented but impatient with task-oriented jobs. They do not relate well to the work at hand but to the people around.  If they do take a task, it often done quickly so as to be with people again.  They are the least disciplined and organized of all the temperaments.  They are outgoing, enthusiastic, warm, compassionate, and seem to relate well; yet they can be very rude and uncaring. They will walk away in mid-sentence when not interested in the conversation, or they constantly search with their eyes to find the next person with whom to interact. 

The more withdrawn and quiet temperaments seek out the Evangelistic for friendship.  But Evangelistics may often be neither faithful nor loyal friends. Inside, they really do not want to be too burdened with relationship commitments - they want rather to see and do and experience and relate.

When an apology is in order, a Evangelistic can apologize very quickly.  At the time their apology is quite sincere, especially if their behavior causes them to lose acceptance. However, apologies are often short-lived. Since some Evangelistics lives as though they have no past or future, they rarely learn from past mistakes.

Evangelistics are prone to exaggerate their emotions, illnesses, health, fun and achievements. They survive failures  - they are SURVIVORS.  As the exaggerations increase, they may fail to recognize they are lying. To them, they are simply expressing their zest for life.

The Following Describes Unhealthy Evangelistic Behavior:

The Evangelistic's major weakness is that they may (if unhealthy) adopt severe and destructive histrionic behavior. Histrionic behavior happens because the Evangelistic needs to be the center of attention. Attention is reinforcing or rewarding to this person.  

Sometimes, when the attention is withheld, they may feel punished.  When they undertake good behavior and attention is withheld, they may also feel punished.  At very stressful times, they may undertake bad behavior such as screaming, pouting, crying, or temper tantrums, which usually draws immediate attention. Consistent with principles of reinforcement, they are thus being rewarded for bad behavior, so this behavior continues. Consequently, the more hysterical the behavior, the more reward or attention they receive. The behavior may escalate into a cycle broken by counseling or prayer.

A second destructive behavior is neurosis.  A person not only needs attention, he/she needs social approval and acceptance.  No matter what this person does, if they do not receive approval, acceptance or attention, they feel they are being punished for good behavior. They try another route, resorting to bad behavior. Bad behavior starts by lying, cheating and stealing, etc.  They receive attention and thus are being rewarded for bad behavior.

The behavior may escalate to violence. Although attention continues, it is not the type of attention they seek. The unhealthy Evangelistic needs approval and acceptance but isn't pursuing needs in the appropriate way.  What they create is the opposite of what they want. Again, this cycle may be broken by a caring, knowledgeable counselor or prayers.

Evangelistic in a Social Setting Strengths: being friendly, outgoing, inspiring to others, relationship-oriented, enthusiastic, warm, optimistic, ability to see the bright side of life and the good in others. They genuinely like others, are rarely found alone, and freely interact. When looking at these strengths, the potential for doing good works for the Father are tremendous.

Evangelistic in a Social Setting Weaknesses: being talkative, always the center of the conversation, apt to take on the behavior and morals of the people around them, impulsive, undisciplined, rude, prone to exaggerate, need to appear successful (even to the point of exaggeration), will ignore responsibilities in order to be with people.


Prophetic IN a Social Setting (That is, in the presence of others.)
Direct  (3..9)   Open  (-3..-9)

Choleric in Inclusion The Prophetic in a Social Setting indicates the temperament needs for social interaction, surface relationship and intellectual energies.  When we observe an individual who is highly personable and charming, as is a Evangelistic, but does not necessarily like people all that much, we see the  Prophetic.  Yet like a Evangelistic, a Prophetic may inspire great numbers.

In a social setting, the Prophetic, on the surface, is highly personable, optimistic and well-liked. They can be very charming, open and friendly. Associates respond well to their charm. But to the Prophetic, people are often tools to be used for a specific purpose. The Prophetic will (by nature) associate freely with useful tools. Association will be chosen that will help the Prophetic reach their goal.

The Prophetic has a personable, though sometimes arrogant, manner.  Most perceive this manner as genuine in relating.  However, the Prophetic is a task-oriented (rather than people-oriented) person. The Through associations, the Prophetic fulfill their need for accomplishments and recognition. The Prophetic may approach very many people, for people are necessary to find those able to help complete a (ministry) project.  Some Prophetics are capable of using people to achieve an end results.

The Prophetic has one of the worst tempers.  With the temper is the intellectual ability to use it if necessary. This temper is sometimes usually cruel and abusive, especially in unhealthy Prophetics. When unleashed, it can be used to hurt others.

The Prophetic is a fast-paced individual who undertakes projects quickly and efficiently. Because of their intellectual energies, they are very good at envisioning new projects. They have some difficulties in seeing pitfalls which may lie ahead.  This person may be perfectionistic and may  question the means and the methods of the people around them. They often know a better way to do a task.

The Prophetic in a Social Setting needs recognition often for their accomplishments and may become internally (and externally) angry if they do not receive this recognition.

Prophetic in a Social Setting Strengths: open, friendly, confident, outgoing, optimistic and tough-minded. This person is perfectionistic and has a good mind for envisioning new projects and is an extrovert of a highly selective nature.

Prophetic in a Social Setting Weaknesses: hot-tempered and, although everyone uses people to some extent, the Prophetic carries the flag. They are people users, however, they call are called people motivators.  Sometimes they are easily frustrated in their attempts to motivate people, so they harbor anger and are sometimes cruel.  The Prophetic has another weakness that may also be a strength. They often dominate social conversations. They are not necessarily rude, just assertive in social interaction. They control the social scene.


Didactic IN a Social Setting (That is, in the presence of others.)
Direct  (-3..-9)   Open  (-3..-9)

Melancholy in Inclusion The Didactic in a Social Setting indicates the temperament needs for social interaction, surface relationships and intellectual energies. The Didactic is plagued by low self-esteem and the fear of rejection because they often do not like themselves. No other can focus in on their imperfections and shortcomings better than the Didactic. Their inadequacies are usually only in their own mind and are not how others perceive them, yet this low self-esteem causes them to search the environment for messages to confirm this low self-image. Fear of rejection sometimes forces the Didactic to reject others first when they perceive that they could be rejected. They often project their inferior attitude onto others and subconsciously do and say things that will force the negative response they expect.

A Didactic is a loner, introverted and unsure; on the surface they appear to be competent and in control. They may also appear to be arrogant, withdrawn, aloof and superior.  In social settings, may be very friendly and personable, depending on the circumstances and how comfortable (accepted) they feel.

The Didactic cannot be detected without an accurate assessment.  Never assume a stereotypical behavior as a Didactic.  

When the Didactic suffers, they are usually deeper emotional concerns such as depression, stress and fear. They do not engage in histrionic (emotional, theatrical) behavior.  They are often very serious people.  They seldom tell people of their intentions. 

The Didactic can be pressed into a deep depression by their thinking process alone. The mind is always working, always churning, and the amount of energy this thinking process generates is phenomenal.  When it is focused on negatives, it can do terrible things to them.  However, when their thoughts are based on how good their life is, how much they are loved those around them, or how the Father has blessed them, their mood will also swing upward.  They will not be as outgoing as a Evangelistic, but they may approach that kind of outward-focus.  Their thinking must be harnessed and directed upward - on blessings, projects for the good, ministries.  

When it comes to physical ailments caused by emotional disturbances, the Didactic is the most plagued. High blood pressure, ulcers, heart disease, insomnia and a host of other physical ailments are frequently a part of their plight.  They suffer so they can have exquisite compassion for the suffering.  Moreover, the Didactic will often DO SOMETHING about the suffering.

The Didactic also has more profound strengths than any other temperament. If you have ever read a novel you simply could not put down, marveled at an oil painting, been captivated by a sculpture, or been enthralled by a piece of music, you were most likely experiencing the work of a Didactic. No other temperament is more artistic or is more genius-prone than is the Didactic. 

The Didactic is constantly searching and digging, trying to learn new things and unlock the secrets of the universe. If you know a person who prays often and seeks the gifts of wisdom and understanding, then you probably know a Didactic. In the Bible Moses, Solomon and John appeared to be very strong Melancholies, and we know the great truths that came from these three men.

There is, however, a problem with the wisdom with which a Didactic has been gifted; they are sometimes reluctant to share because of low self-esteem. Their introversion and their fear of failure make them self-contained, sometimes to an extreme.  

The person with Didactic tendencies is task-oriented and not relationship-oriented. They relate better to jobs than people. They do not understand what it is like to build a relationship as well as what it is like to do a job. Sometimes, life is a job to do with a goal. When taking on a task, they may be able to see the finished product and also the potential pitfalls. They work at a slow, steady pace. 

Melancholies is are somewhat perfectionistic and set high standards for themselves and for others. The Didactic seldom asks something they would not do themselves; however, the standards they require are difficult to meet. Even after a successful ministry or task, they often feel they have not completed it satisfactorily.

The Didactic can be very easily insulted and hurt, but they will not show it (unless they want to). Some Melancholies have an emotional score card to keep track of the things they PERCEIVE have done to them. Every they are rejected, insulted or hurt, the item is added to the score card.  Eventually they may react in anger, throwing regurgitating everything.  They are not reacting to just one incident but rather to ALL incidents in the past.

If a spouse wants to make a Didactic comfortable, they should work very hard to give them an orderly, stable home. Where the Evangelistic likes to be with people, the Didactic is a homebody and likes staying home. To them their home is a sanctuary away from the pressures of the world, a place where they can be themselves without fear of rejection or hurt.

This person can only regenerate by being alone and quiet, at which time they can think, dream, and shut out the rest of the world.  Sometimes this need makes life difficult for spouse or children. When they come home after a days work, they are just too tired to respond to others. 

The Didactic child is the hardest to raise. They are so sensitive that a parent can injure them deeply without thinking. They can be driven to drugs and alcohol to counteract their internal pain.  

Regardless of all the weaknesses the Didactic may suffer, the Didactic, when energized by the Holy Spirit, has the capabilities of doing great good in the Kingdom. Extremely persistent, self-sacrificing people, they will work relentlessly to bring about changes for the betterment of humankind. When you see the missionary living in a hovel and crying for the unsaved souls and starving children, then you are most likely watching a Didactic. If someone is manning a suicide hotline late into the night, going without sleep and living on coffee, you are probably watching a Didactic. If you see a person who will suffer indignities and humiliations to bring the Word to a backward country, then you are most likely seeing the work of a Spirit-controlled Didactic.

Anger is common to the Didactic. They become angry if they cannot live up to their own standards and if others cannot live up to them.  If they have been rejected or hurt, they become angry; this anger is very deep-seated.  Melancholies may hold grudges and make lists; they get mad, and if unhealthy, they get even. With their intellectual capacities, they can be very ingenious in getting revenge. 

The Didactic in a Social Setting is also a thinker. Their mind never shuts off.  They can see mind pictures in perfect detail and living color.  Therefore, Melancholies to may have fantasies, both sexual and romantic. In these fantasies the relationships may be so perfect that real life could not compare; thus they are let down. The Didactic is very moody; their thought process brings their moods up and down. The Didactic mind is extremely tough.  Once the mind is made up, it is almost impossible to change it. However, this mind also has a great thirst for knowledge. Once this thirst has been uncovered, it is almost unquenchable. The more they learn, the more they want to learn; the more they discover, the more they need to discover.

The person who has this kind of intellectual powers can also appear rude when you are talking to them. They are not really rude; it is just that they are thinkers. You will say or do something that will start their mind working, and they will wander off in thought, totally oblivious to what you are saying.

Didactic in a Social Setting Strengths: introvert, loner, great thinker, genius-prone, very artistic and creative, often found alone in thought, perfectionistic, slow-paced, great understanding of tasks and systems, a critical and challenging mind, and seeing both the pitfalls and the end results of a project undertaken.  When these strengths are brought under the ordinances of the Father, the Didactic in a Social Setting is capable of great things.

Didactic in a Social Setting Weaknesses: When the Didactic sinks to their weaknesses, they become extremely moody, suffer from "black" depressions, reject people, set standards neither they nor anyone else can meet, develop habits that are very hard to break, may have suicidal tendencies, low self-esteem, pessimism. Therefore, when the Didactic sinks to their weaknesses, they can be destructive to themselves and others.  The Didactic has a fear of economic failure that often prevents them from going forward.  This can also be a strength in that they are thrifty and live within their means.


Apostolic IN a Social Setting (That is, in the presence of others.)
Direct  (-3..3)   Open  (-3..3)

Phlegmatic in Inclusion The Apostolic in a Social Setting indicates the temperament needs for social interaction, surface relationships and intellectual energies.  To the observer, Apostolics are slow-paced and somewhat stubborn. They sometimes allow their lives to become stagnant because it takes too much effort to use their talents. A Apostolic goes through life doing as little as possible, quietly, and expending little energy. It is not clear whether this is because they have very little energy, or if it is because they refuse to use what energy they have. 

The daily routine of the Apostolic temperament is to go to work, sit in a cubbyhole and work with figures all day, go home, take a nap, eat, take another nap, and go to bed. They still have trouble getting up in the morning. This is sometimes difficult for the family of a Apostolic, for there is little energy left for the family by the end of the day.

Since the Apostolic in a Social Setting has few temperament needs to meet, they are difficult to regenerate. The Evangelistic in a Social Setting regenerates through socialization, and the Didactic in a Social Setting regenerates through quiet time alone. However, the only thing that will even begin to regenerate a Apostolic in a Social Setting is rest, relaxation and sleep, and sometimes these are ineffective.

The world will never know how many brilliant thoughts, great books, beautiful works of art, or wonderful ministries died with the Apostolic. They often do not use their great ideas and talents because developing them would require too much energy and active participation.  The Apostolic therefore may stand guard over other temperaments busy doing things wrongly, and looking at all in this world that needs to be changed. 

Identifying the injustice is not difficult for the Apostolic in a Social Setting; however, they will seldom initiate action against this injustice.  But the Apostolic will try hard to inspire other people to do something. 

The Apostolic temperament is task-oriented with a great capacity for work that requires precision and accuracy. They make great data processors, bookkeepers, librarians, accountants, records technicians, web developers or museum curators. A writer may regard a Apostolic in a Social Setting as the best person to catalog and do the research.

In social interactions, the Apostolic is quite flexible and well rounded, even though they have no need to interact.  Hence, the Apostolic in a Social Setting can be either task-oriented or relationship-oriented, depending upon the situation. The Apostolic has a dry sense of humor and, without smiling, at times can be quite humorous even though it drives other temperaments crazy. Their dry, wry humor protects them from becoming too socially involved with the other temperaments.

Apostolic in a Social Setting Strengths: the ability to perform tedious tasks and to relate to both tasks and people. They are calm, easy-going, extremely efficient and perfectionistic.  The Apostolic can function quite well in a hostile social settings.  Nothing ruffles their feathers. 

Apostolic in a Social Setting Weaknesses: unwillingness to become involved, tendency to be an observer rather than a participant, and use of a verbal defense that often hurts others.

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